Category Archives: Adolescents

CIHR Cannabis Catalyst Grant Announcement: May 22

It was a really exciting day for my team to be a part of the announcement of the most recent round of Cannabis Catalyst Grants from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. We worked really hard on this one and had to persevere through some brutal general funding competitions where we didn’t get selected for funding. It can be a divisive issue in our research community, but I feel strongly that these targeted, special competitions are key to getting work that is outside of the ‘mainstream’ and somewhat controversial funded. I also believe that given our emphasis on harm reduction our grant, Developing Cannabis Education and Harm Reduction Messages with Youth: A qualitative youth engagement research project (TRACE V) would not have been funded in the prohibition context.

Here is an abstract of the work that we will be doing in this project:

As Canada readies to legalize cannabis youth have been identified as a priority population for cannabis education. While there is a high prevalence of cannabis use among Canadian adolescents in general, problematic substance use is higher for groups experiencing health and social inequities – or the uneven distribution of health and well-being – that is linked to living with conditions such poverty, trauma, and racialization. As such, there is an urgent need to engage youth who are marginalized as a result of these inequities, to ensure that resources resonate with and reach those who may need them the most. Building on our history of youth cannabis research the purpose of this study is to engage with youth who have used cannabis to find out how they perceive the potential risks and the strategies that resonate with them for reducing harms. Our study will make a unique and needed contribution to cannabis education in Canada, where the experiences of youth who are marginalized have been notably absent. Through an approach that includes youth as co-developers of harm reduction messages, we will ensure that youth voices are at the center in at this pivotal moment in Canadian cannabis education and public health messaging.

Team: R Haines-Saah, E Jenkins, P Ponic, B Gladstone, K London-Nadeau, R McNeil, T Mudry, C Richardson, J Valleriani & T WIld

CBC News: December 25, Profile

I was lucky enough to have a wee profile in the CBC to round out the media work I’ve done this year. Enjoy the 1980s hairstyles and photos from my Degrassi days 🙂

How a Degrassi child star became a leading academic voice on legalizing weed

Rebecca Haines-Saah played a teen experimenting with drugs. Today, she researches youth substance use

Rebecca Haines-Saah was 13 when she took the role of Kathleen Mead on Degrassi Junior High. She’s now a University of Calgary researcher. (Left: DHX Media. Right: CBC)

When Rebecca Haines-Saah was 13, she saw an ad in the Toronto Sun looking for teenagers to star in what would become a cult classic Canadian TV show. Having experience in dance and theatre — she already had an agent — she showed up to the audition with a pink, cable-knit sweater and loads of teenage ambition.

The show was Degrassi Junior High, the drama that dealt with teen pregnancy, underage drinking and drug use. For many children growing up in the 1980s, it would become a cultural treasure.

Haines-Saah didn’t get the part of Melanie Brodie, whom she had auditioned to play, but the show’s writers were so enamoured with her acting chops that they created a new role for her: Melanie’s best friend, Kathleen Mead. The so-called Wicked Witch of Degrassi.

While Haines-Saah played the character for five seasons, she didn’t go on to become a professional actor. Instead, she reinvented herself as an academic. But the parallels between her childhood job and her career as an adult are all the more striking.

CBC News Calgary: Rebecca Haines-Saah’s Degrassi debut

The woman who played a teen experimenting with drugs, dealing with anorexia and coping with a mother addicted to alcohol now researches youth substance use and mental health at the University of Calgary.

The child star whose character once brought pot to a birthday party, grew up to become a leading academic voice in Alberta on the value of legalizing cannabis, arguing that jailing users created more harm than the drug itself.

“It’s that approach to engaging youth voices and putting youth stories at the centre, that really shapes my work,” says Haines-Saah, who teaches in the department of community health services and works with youth on video and photo projects to help share their stories.

Youth have something valuable to say

“That’s really a Degrassi-style approach to storytelling and to thinking youth have something valuable to say. If we want to help youth in any way, we need to talk to them and understand how they see the world, not our adult-centric perspective on life.”

Haines-Saah grew up in Toronto’s Regent Park, where she saw the rise of the crack epidemic, with people using and selling drugs, and engaging in sex work around her doorstep. She left that same stoop every morning to film on set, but she couldn’t get a taxi to drop her off close to home at day’s end, because of the way her neighbourhood was viewed.

CBC News Calgary: Drugs in Season 2 episode

“I had this dual experience growing up, and it really did inform how I approach people who use drugs, the compassion that I think we need and why I challenge stigma,” she says.

There are some notable contrasts between her and the character she played for most of her teenage years.

Haines-Saah is warm and engaging. To be charitable, Kathleen was cold. A harsher assessment might peg her as a snooty mean girl. But her hostile demeanour was often a defence mechanism against her peers prying into her personal life, especially her troubled home.

She was a trivia master who wanted to excel at school and, most of all, make her parents proud. She once produced a science project with her bestie Melanie about the dangers of pollution and acid rain, and was crushed when it didn’t win at the school science fair.

Character could be mistaken for a nerd

Kathleen could have been mistaken for a nerd if it weren’t for her streak of mischief. In one episode, she finds a pair of cannabis joints and shares them with friends during a birthday party sleepover. The drama takes a turn when Melanie gets so high she reveals some of Kathleen’s deepest, darkest secrets, including that she’s in counselling.

“Kathleen, I don’t see what the big deal is,” her best friend blurts out. “You had anorexia. Your mom is an alcoholic. And your boyfriend beat you up. Most people would need counselling for even one of those things.”

CBC News Calgary: Kathleen gets called a jerk

Despite her hard exterior, the character resonated with Haines-Saah, given that Kathleen’s home life “isn’t that far off from what many kids experience,” and given her “remarkable resilience” to all those challenges. Still, the actor sometimes got heckled on the streets of Toronto over her character’s harsh disposition.

“The male castmates had fun,” she says. “They had teenage girls chasing them around, trying to get into their hotel rooms and date them.

“I just got yelled at and called names.”

Haines-Saah starred in Degrassi Junior High and Degrassi High, along with a single appearance on Degrassi: The Next Generation. As a young Canadian actor, she didn’t lead a lavish life of luxury.

Awkward moments, worst hairstyles forever captured

“I don’t think I ever really experienced that type of uber celebrity that child stars have now, and in many ways I’m thankful for that,” she says. “But I have some of my most awkward teenage moments and worst hairstyles forever captured on film for everybody to see.”

While she played a young student, she missed three or four months of school a year. Her mom told her if her average fell below 80 per cent, she had to quit the show.

Rebecca Haines-Saah argues cannabis prohibition and scare-tactic campaigns like the poster hanging in her office did not stop youth from smoking pot. She says the policy did more harm than the drug itself. (Reid Southwick/CBC)

“I literally had a tutor driving me around on geography field trips around Ontario to look at granite outcrops and all kinds of other ridiculous things on the weekends,” she says. “I’d be writing a chemistry exam on set at 7 a.m. supervised by a production assistant and then sending it over to the school.”

Academics were always important. She had read somewhere “if you could picture yourself being happy doing anything other than acting, you should go and do that thing.” So she enrolled at McGill University. She was initially in communications, thinking she’d get into journalism or film production, but she fell in love with research and writing papers, later shifting her focus to youth drug use.

Putting youth at the centre

“It’s no accident that I became a youth substance use researcher,” she says on a University of Calgary video about legalizing cannabis, “because I started out as an actress on the Canadian television series Degrassi.

“What was so unique and different about Degrassi, compared to other television for young people is that, in the Degrassi storylines, youth always solved their own problems … and that’s definitely the approach I take in my research, is amplifying youth voices and putting youth at the centre.”

The New York Times: November 11

Along with my University of Calgary colleague Dr. Matt Hill I was interviewed for this story in the New York Times, by Canadian Bureau Chief Catherine Porter. This quote was very helpful and echoes what I say frequently about seeing cannabis as the sole risk factor and cause of youth mental health or psychosocial outcomes.

“Cannabis is correlated with lots of things,” said James MacKillop, the co-director of McMaster University’s medicinal cannabis research center in Hamilton. “Teasing out whether it’s causally related is a much more complicated thing.”

“If you are using cannabis when you are 12 or 13, then there are probably lots of other things going on,” he continued. “There might be poor parental oversight, more early life stress or family disorganization.”

Canada’s Message to Teenagers: Marijuana Is Legal Now. Please Don’t Smoke It.

Getting Schooled: Cannabis is Legal in Canada

Cannabis is Legal in Canada – What are the implications for School Psychologists?
Rebecca Haines-Saah, PhD & Deinera Exner-Cortens, PhD, MPH

As of October 17th , cannabis is a legal substance in Canada. Since the announcement of plans for this policy change, concerns around potential consequences for children and youth have been front and center. Indeed, one of Canada’s – and Alberta’s – stated policy objectives for legalization is to “keep cannabis out of the hands of children.” Federal regulators plan to achieve this policy objective by enforcing a minimum age for access; enacting strict regulation around sales and marketing; and by transitioning cannabis to a legal and strictly regulated market. Like the Federal policy set forth under Bill C-45, Alberta’s provincial legislation is operating under a public health approach, with the goal of reducing the potential for harms associated with legalization. Specifically, Alberta’s policy framework includes laws to address cannabis-impaired driving, impairment in the workplace, restrictions on public consumption, and how and where cannabis is distributed and sold in the province.

Guest post for “Getting Schooled”: Psychologists Association of Alberta. 

Read the full article here.